180 division tragic defeat, Chairman MAO pain asked the commander: why will annihilate the enemy 82,000 and self-loss 85,000
The Korean War should be the largest and most difficult battle experienced after the founding of new China.The Story of the Korean War has become more and more popular with films such as Jangjin Lake, Watergate Bridge and Sniper scheduled to air this year and next.However, the movie can describe only a small part of the Korean War is far more brutal than we imagined, and sad.In terms of war results, For example, China has been regarded as the winner of the war by forcing the U.S. to sign an armistice, but in reality, China won only the first two of the five major battles between the two countries.The last three battles were extremely difficult for the volunteers because the Americans were completely prepared.In particular, in the fifth battle, both China and the United States have been engaged in a long time near the 38th Line, but it has always been difficult to win or lose. In fact, our volunteers have suffered heavy casualties, but with the belief of fighting for the last breath, the volunteers still refuse to give up easily.Later, even Chairman MAO had to ask with emotion: why did we annihilate 82,000 enemies and lose 85,000 of ourselves in the five battles? What did we volunteers experience behind this?We can follow the witness at that time – volunteers of the 3rd regiment 60 corps commander Wei Jie pry a few.The actual battle said that chairman MAO mouth annihilated the enemy 82,000 and self-loss 85,000 occurred when?He was actually referring to the fifth battle near the 38th Parallel, which took place in late April 1951, near the end of the Korean War and was one of the hardest and most poignant battles fought on the entire front.Because our army wins the battle repeatedly let the enemy know the routine of our army, coupled with the border of the two countries, the United States is here to defend the heavy troops, so as to prevent the Chinese and Korean troops crossed into the territory of South Korea.How could they make it easy for the volunteers when they were prepared?In fact, the battle was fought for more than 50 days without a decisive outcome.The two sides formed a tug of war near the 38th parallel, and the United Nations forces led by the United States sent a total of 340,000 troops, and the American general Richard Lee personally command.The volunteers, though not outnumbered, suffered losses in the war along the Border with South Korea.The main reason is that the volunteer army’s own tactical loopholes, resulting in logistical supplies for a time.At the beginning, our army planned to advance to the south of Jinhua and Cheorwon, and then to advance southward. In this way, the battlefield could be placed in Pingyuan area, which would be more advantageous for our army to exert its advantages.In the actual attack, our army used a roundabout encirclement to contain the allied forces on the eastern and western fronts.Although we destroyed many Korean troops to a certain extent, such a fierce attack exhausted our forces and prematurely exposed our position.The more difficult problem is that our army is already facing the awkward situation of running out of ammunition and food at this time, and logistical supplies are still thousands of miles away and have not yet arrived.But the toughest American forces are still conserving their strength, and the time for confrontation has not yet come.They were concentrated on the western front, waiting for a counterattack.Besieged, we had to pull most of our troops back to the north, only to be surprised by the Americans in the process.Hateful American army to calculate at this time the volunteer army should be in the most tired stage of food and clothing, so take this opportunity to plan to annihilate our army.At that time, the first troops of the Volunteer army, the third corps in the middle line and the ninth Corps in the east line were cut off by the U.S. army.When the commander of the 60 Army Wei Jie in the first line command combat, each team even in the lack of backup strength, still in the teeth insist.In their efforts to block a large number of troops to cover the success of the successful retreat, the enemy’s advance has been blocked.But in the face of the onslaught of American forces, these lone troops are also gradually unable to resist.The 63rd army and the 15th Army, for example, lost tens of thousands of comrades, even though they killed about 10,000 enemies each.The most tragic is the outcome of the 180 division of the 60 army, because the leadership has not been ordered to retreat, 180 division most people were captured by the annihilation, tens of thousands of troops finally break through the number of only more than 4000 people, the whole team can almost be described with tragic.To this end, the 180 division has become the commander-in-chief Peng Dehuai heart distressed unceasingly an army.Other teams fared little better than division 180.One battalion of the 15th Army even blocked the 25TH Us Division with their own flesh and blood for six days and six nights, completely in the way of a life for a life to stall the pace of the other side.In such a situation, the volunteers tenderly defended the 38th parallel inside the Tieyuan.At this moment, they are not only fighting for Korea, but with their own lives to write a Chinese soldier’s songs of praise.The battle, which lasted more than 50 days, was to become the pain of Chairman MAO’s life.Although the whole battle destroyed more than 82,000 enemy, which was the largest in the five campaigns, the casualties of volunteers also reached more than 75,000, plus the casualties of the People’s Army of more than 10,000, our total battle loss of more than 85,000 people.Is this really what we want to see?How many comrades lost their lives in the 1:1.038 battle damage ratio?So Chairman MAO was furious. He asked Wei jie why he was in such a terrible situation.But there are too many unpredictable situations on the battlefield. War is never left to chance, and plans never change.The excessive ambition, hasty preparation, slow handling and lack of coordination all contributed to this reality.All this was unexpected for our volunteer leaders.Now too much blame will not help. It is imperative that we get out of this crisis and learn from it, so that it does not happen again.Fortunately, there is still room for the fifth crisis to turn things around.After the domestic transfer of 20 corps came to support, coupled with the supply of food, ammunition in place.The rear of the three lines of defense finally built, we finally have enough strength to deal with the United States, once crossed into the 37th line of The United States or the fierce line of fire was our army beat back to the 38th line after.At this time, our army finally turned the corner and turned into a defensive system.In June of the same year, the fifth battle finally came to an end, and the front remained deadlocked on the 38th Parallel, with neither side gaining any advantage.After the fifth battle, it was the first time that the United States and China had drawn together before the Start of the Korean War.Can be different from before the war, once the war of the United States army had no original ambition when entering Korea, they began to have no small wavering of their aggressive ambition.In July of the same year, with the intervention of the Soviet Union, four parties including China, North Korea, the United States and the Soviet Union held the first armistice talks in Kaesong.After that, although the armistice negotiations were suspended for several times, and the U.S. army launched several follow-up offensives one after another, the situation of the War between China and the United States was already gone. With such a difficult opponent as the volunteers, the War between China and the United States almost ended in stalemate, and the U.S. army could not invade Korea again, so the armistice was sooner or later.In July 1953, the two sides were still locked in a stalemate near the 38th Parallel, but the United States finally signed an armistice that ended the Korean War after three years.This is what our country wants most.Summary: Although the Korean War ended peacefully, the thrilling process of looking back at the volunteers’ several battles has always been difficult to calm down for a long time.In particular, in the fifth battle with heavy casualties, there were many sleepless nights of struggle for volunteers, and the heartbreak of many people had been too painful to imagine.It may be hard to feel the intensity of the battle today, but from the accounts of those who witnessed it, we can still get a sense of it.The cost of defeating the Americans in this way is embedded in countless bloody stories and buried in the depths of history.This battle is always a pain in chairman MAO’s heart, but it is also a pain in our hearts.We do not want to see so many innocent lives lost on distant battlefields in times of peace or war.But they are still fighting for the stability and peace of China in the future, and for us to grow up safely.They will always be figures worthy of our respect, and the story of the volunteers will always be remembered.