Zhejiang rural integration reform has changed a lot in one year from “single soldier advance” to “system integration”

2022-04-23 0 By

Zhejiang news client reporter Shen Jingjing Qian Jian Wang Jia correspondent Huang Wei CAI Carter Quzhou Kecheng Ditch Creek Village Longyao Village.Kecheng District Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Affairs for Zhejiang, is the pioneer of rural reform.From the reform of the rural land system, to the reform of the rural collective property rights system, from the reform of the agricultural operation system, to the reform of the “trinity” cooperative economy, from the reform of the “two forward and two return”, to the reform of the “two mountains” transformation;From the reform of the household registration system to the reform of the rural financial system…Pioneering reforms have become important engines for high-quality economic and social development.However, there are still some problems in the reform, such as the fragmentation of the reform, the advance of individual soldiers, fragmentation, uncoordination and lack of matching.To this end, the end of 2020, the province rural integration reform officially launched a new era, the first selection of quzhou, shaoxing, the two cities, and hangzhou xiaoshan district, taizhou huangyan district 16 counties (city, area) as a pilot, focusing on agriculture and rural areas, key areas and crucial links, alignment, around a target, solving a series of problems and promote the reform package,Zhejiang rural reform took the lead in “system integration, collaborative and efficient” new stage.What changes have been made in rural reform over the past year, and how have they changed the countryside?Recently, the reporter visited each place, see the new atmosphere between the fields.Shijia ‘ao village, Ganlin Town, Shengzhou city, through the withdrawal and utilization of homestead, revitalize factor resources and help rural development.At the beginning of the New Year, Quzhou Kecheng District Ditch xi township Bowl kiln village, bowl east village filled with joy.Thanks to the booming coffee shops, screenplays and other formats, the collective economic income of the two villages both exceeded 300,000 yuan in 2021, and more than 10 farmhouses and snack shops have been opened successively, increasing the income of each household by more than 3,000 yuan.”The collective economic income of both villages tripled last year alone.”Township Party committee member Guan Jun said, this achievement, derived from a series of innovation, last year, bowl kiln village, bowl east village focus on idle agricultural housing collection and storage and trading, village market management and other mechanisms of reform, one after another crack the industrial development of a barrier.Villager Jiang Zhizhong’s pig pen, which covers an area of more than 500 square meters, has also been bought and stored by the village collective, and he gets 150,000 yuan in annual rent.Then yan Zhihua, a villager, rented the right to use the pigsty and invested in building a ceramic research base.Operating income, according to the “433” proportion of dividends, market entities accounted for 40%, Wandong, Wanyao village accounted for 30%, to achieve a win-win situation.The changes in the mountainous areas reflect the expectation of Zhejiang to promote the rural integration reform in the new era — connecting the relevant reform contents, making them become an interlocking chain, forming the resultant force of rural development and realizing the superposition of work results.”To accelerate the realization of common prosperity for farmers and rural areas, we need to solve the problem through reform.To promote rural reform in the new era, we also need to take the initiative to reform and reshape the system. We need to break through the mode of individual departments and projects, and form a linked, integrated and closed-loop reform chain and matrix, so as to realize the transformation from ‘serving’ to ‘controlling’, ‘governing’ and ‘wisdom’.”Provincial party committee agriculture does director, provincial agriculture rural hall director Wang Tonglin said.The essence of integrated reform is to integrate projects, policies, factors and forces to reshape the system and mechanism of rural vitalization.Over the past year, almost all of the agriculture-related reforms have been put into a single map. At the top of the map are five major goals for the development of agriculture, rural areas and farmers, including the development of modern agriculture, the development of rural industries, rural living environment, rural governance and the development of farmers.Moving forward, each target has three to four key links, such as the reform of rural living environment, and the establishment of three projects for village construction, ecological environment and rural culture.At the bottom of the “map” are specific reform contents, such as ecological environment projects, including agricultural non-point source pollution control, soil pollution control and ecological compensation mechanism, carbon sink trading mechanism, GEP accounting system, ecological product mechanism realization mechanism, etc.”In the past, reform was dominated by individual items, and sometimes the reform ran into difficulties.For example, if there is no foundation for the reform of the market-oriented operation system of villages, such as homestead land, idle agricultural houses and rural financial system, it will be water without a source, lacking the support of land, capital and other factors. If there is no supporting reform system, such as the ‘two advances and two returns’ and the village-enterprise pair assistance mechanism, it will be difficult to turn the resource advantage into economic advantage.”Quzhou Agriculture and Rural Bureau party secretary, director Liu Minghe deeply felt.In his view, the integrated reform will not only strengthen the connection between relevant reforms and form a new pattern of integrated development, but also help to break the barriers to trans-departmental and trans-regional cooperation and coordinate the talent supply, scientific and technological services, financial support and digital support system.From the “one move fresh” to the “combination of measures”, focusing on five areas, to build 15 integrated reform chains, coordinated to promote the package reform, the province has set up a more stable, more rigorous rural reform “four beams and eight pillars”, is activating the momentum of rural prosperity.Rural shaoxing with the help of integrated reform, promote the ecological environment, rural industries and other comprehensive development.Compared with the past, rural integration reform is somewhat different. The first batch of pilot projects almost cover half of Zhejiang province, which also reflects the goal of the province to promote and release the effect of integration reform in the whole region.Of course, for the pilot areas, the integration of various reforms, still need to answer a question: where to start.”The cutting point is very important. It should be like a chess eye, playing the role of ‘when a piece is dropped, it will be full of vitality’, and like a needle, linking relevant reforms.”Weng Shaohui, deputy director of agriculture and Rural Bureau of Huangyan District, Taizhou city, said that Huangyan has the titles of “China’s hometown of tangerine”, “China’s hometown of waxberry”, “China’s hometown of loquat”, “China’s hometown of water bamboo” and other titles, with characteristic agricultural products scattered all over the place, the focus of promoting rural integration reform naturally falls on “modern agricultural development”.What entry point can release the integration effect of reform to the maximum extent?Huangyan’s exploration is the reform of “fertilizer, medicine, two systems” — one by one registration of more than 90,000 agricultural employees in the whole region;Eleven demonstration agricultural stores have been built, and the system of purchasing pesticides with real names, recycling and disposing of waste packaging, and applying fertilizer quota has been pioneered in the province.Relying on the APP of “Zhannong Superior Product” and “Nongan Huangyan”, intelligent supervision of agricultural materials management and agricultural inputs is carried out, and a closed loop of “purchasing, using and recycling of agricultural materials” is gradually forming.Modern agricultural development investment end integration reform, also start from this.Guided by the principle of “fertilizer, medicine, Two systems”, Huangyan has optimized the standardized planting system of “one product, one policy”, carried out arable land fertility index insurance, and established a digital traceability system for agricultural products. The level of agricultural ecology and modernization has been promoted simultaneously.”Every step of the way, from the field to the table.”Jiang Liangzhen, head of Beiyang Town Guan ‘ao Bamboo cooperative, told reporters that in 2021 autumn harvest per mu yield and previous years, but the quality improved substantially, per mu output value increased by 2 times.But at present, huangyan 283 family rules on the production and management of agricultural products identification rate and traceability rate of 100%, citrus, rice and other leading industries, per mu cost savings to 180 yuan yuan.Last year, luoman bayberry alone increased farmers’ income by more than 40 million yuan.At present, Zhejiang rural integration reform of 15 projects, each has a precise point of entry.For example, the integrated reform of the consumption end of modern agriculture development, the entry point is “cold chain logistics construction of agricultural products”, the construction of modern circulation infrastructure of agricultural products, the construction of brand system mechanism and other upstream and downstream supporting reforms.”Focus on small cuts to create big changes”.Over the past year, integrated reform has become the golden key to increasing the income of farmers and village collectives.Gaohong Town in Lin ‘an, which is more than an hour’s drive from the main city of Hangzhou, starts from promoting “young people returning to the countryside and local sages returning to the countryside” and makes incentive policies for talents returning to their hometowns. Lou Min, an entrepreneur from abroad, has been attracted to the village and led Shimen, Longshang and Dashan to jointly build the village scenic spot of “Secret Land of Longmen”.At present, with the promotion of rural crowd-funding plan and the revitalization of idle resources, this scenic spot has accumulated 18 investment projects, helping the town to create tourism annual income of more than 20 million yuan.No matter how far a mountain village is, it can also burst into vitality.Shaoxing, on the other hand, effectively integrates rural collective construction land, including idle homestead, based on the withdrawal and utilization of homestead and gradually realizing “one house for one family” and “housing for each family”.At the same time, village collectives and farmers will be encouraged to activate idle agricultural houses, farmland and other resources in an orderly manner through self-management, leasing, equity participation, cooperation and transfer.”These reforms pave the way for technology, capital and talent to move in and make room for further development.”Zhou Yongliang, director of the operation and reform department of the Shaoxing Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that over the past year, they have selected 12 towns and streets to carry out nationwide trials and built 40 demonstration villages.For example, Meizhu Village, Chengtan Street, Xinchang, has activated more than 30 buildings of the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China, attracting water screen movies, late-night dining hall and other diversified forms of business, receiving a total of more than 400,000 tourists last year.At present, Shaoxing has activated 19,902 idle farm houses, 4.5333 million square meters, combined with revitalizing 39,200 mu of forest and 10,200 mu of farmland, introduced more than 9.8 billion yuan of social capital, driven nearly 30,000 farmers to find employment, and increased the annual income of village collective economy by 336 million yuan.Meizhu Village, Chengtan Street, Xinchang County, activate rural factor resources and promote the development of cultural and tourism industry.Xinchang County Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Affairs provides the map to break through the traditional path to grasp the problem to find the blocking point with an integrated roadmap and entrance, the speed and efficiency of rural reform has been significantly improved, and transformed into a real development momentum.The reporter learned from the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs that the per capita disposable income of rural residents in Zhejiang in 2021 was 35,000 yuan, an increase of 1.1 percentage points faster than the per capita disposable income of urban residents.Among them, statistics by the end of the third quarter of last year show that the income growth of rural residents in pilot areas such as Shaoxing, Quzhou and Huangyan district of Taizhou exceeded the provincial average.But looking at Zhejiang, each place development foundation is different, industry characteristic is different, any reform, need to adjust measures to local conditions, according to the time.”Integration is not a stack of projects, nor can it be copied. The most important thing is to find out the internal logic of various reforms, identify the blockage, pain and silt, and find the breakthrough and reform path in line with the local development characteristics of agriculture, rural areas and farmers.”Provincial agriculture and rural affairs department policy and reform department director Fang Jie said, rural integration reform pilot process, especially emphasized from the reality, adhere to the problem-oriented, from the masses of the most urgent problem to choose a number of start reform, the first to solve the problem.The six counties and districts of Quzhou have different directions of reform.For example, Kecheng District takes village management as the main line to build valley economy, While Qujiang District optimizes the rural governance system with the reform of “integrating county and township with the reform of” grasping the whole block “. Longyou carries out the integrated reform of “farmers gathering” and explores the personalized solution of county.Ke cheng north, more mountains, valleys, villages, and the southern urban development gap is larger.How to give full play to the power of integrated reform and make the valley region a new growth point of high-quality development?According to the location, terrain and resource characteristics, the local design of digital, sports, property, home stay, culture five valley belt, the opening of valley economic integration reform.According to the agriculture and rural bureau of the region party secretary, director Feng Xiaoqing, this process, the district party secretary, district head as the “general valley chief”, contact district leaders as the “branch valley chief”, agriculture, capital regulations, cultural and tourism departments set up a team, “the development of the five valley belt is the basis of gathering rural resources, promote industrial revitalization.In the early stage, through unified acquisition and storage standards, the establishment of capital pools and project libraries and other methods, the “each fighting for itself” mode of departments, systems and towns was broken, and efficient cross-departmental and cross-regional cooperation was realized.In the later stage, formats will be introduced and village operations will have their own characteristics to avoid homogenized competition.”Located in the digital valley belt of Wentian township, some villages with “enterprise + village collective + villagers” model, some villages to establish a village collective development mechanism.In one year, there were 42 digital agricultural industry projects in the digital Valley, with a total investment of 320 million yuan.Therefore, the integrated reform is not so much an innovation of reform content as an iteration of zhejiang rural reform ideas and thinking, leading every place to break through the traditional path, breaking down the institutional and mechanism obstacles restricting rural high-quality development, and opening the window for the comprehensive development of “agriculture, rural areas and farmers”.Walking in Zhejiang, future villages dot the fields, which has become a comprehensive and systematic model of rural production and living ecology.In cold winter, Meilin village, Guali Town, Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou, is quite lively.In accordance with the principle of integration, integration and integration, the village has gradually coordinated the construction of digital infrastructure, digital services, digital governance, digital industry and digital life.Infrastructure and public service projects such as rural parks, better life centers and 5G base stations will be promoted in tandem with digital rural cockpits and digital reform.At present, smart canteen for the elderly, smart medical station, smart bus, digital library…These new things change the way of life of 629 villagers one by one, showing people the future neighborhood, culture, health and other new scenes.And the whole xiaoshan, like this village pilot has 4.Wenzhou, Quzhou and other places also happen to coincide, are building a distinctive theme of the future village.Zhejiang rural tomorrow, because of integrated reform and system remodeling, more worthy of expectation.Xiaoshan Hengyi village, the pilot to build the future of the countryside.Rural reform has always been an important motive force and vitality source for zhejiang to take the lead in the development of agriculture, rural areas and farmers in China.Up and down over the years, the province through continuous deepening the basic rural operating system, land system, household registration system, the reform of property right system reform, financial system, activate the main body, activate the elements and activate the market, to crack a series of institutional barriers, which restrict the development of the agriculture rural farmers across the country take the lead in the high level played an important role to build a well-off society in an all-round way.During the 14th Five-year Plan period, Our country started a new journey of high-level and comprehensive construction of socialist modernization. Zhejiang was endowed with a new mission of high-quality development and construction of common prosperity demonstration area, which also opened a new period for our province to comprehensively promote rural revitalization and build a leading province of agricultural and rural modernization.At present, agriculture, rural areas and farmers remain the top priority in the party’s work, and reform and innovation remain the fundamental driving force for accelerating efforts to strengthen areas of weakness in development.But at the same time, although the rural reform, which has been characterized by individual and partial reforms for a long time, has achieved significant results, it is also confronted with diminishing marginal benefits. In particular, there are prominent problems such as fragmentation, fragmentation, incoordination, lack of matching, and even mutual constraints in the reform, which restrict the further performance of the reform.Faced with new development goals and requirements, aiming at the shortcomings of the existing rural reform and problems, zhejiang to keep pace with The Times, in such aspects as reform path, way and method for a revolution, by integrating the reform, emphasized the top design, the integrated reform content, promote the reform in the implementation of policy orientation, harmony, promote each other, on the reform direction,We will continue to increase the marginal contribution of reform to the development of agriculture, rural areas and farmers.Over the past year, we are pleased to see important changes in the pilot areas. High-quality and efficient agricultural development has been accelerated in various forms, the per capita disposable income of rural residents and collective economic income at the village level have increased at a faster pace, and farmers’ sense of gain and happiness has further increased.Around through the integrated rural reform, but also in building a batch of “ecological livable and good village, economic development, service facilities, local custom civilization, effective governance” of the new countryside, has formed unique a batch of reform, gushing vitality element configuration reasonable, and the example of highly integrated urban and rural areas, and to implement the strategy of rejuvenating the country of the province and even the whole China exploring the new way, accumulate new experience.It can be predicted that with the continued promotion of integrated reform and the spread of successful experience, the process of agricultural and rural modernization will be accelerated, and the foundation of high-quality development and construction of common prosperity demonstration zones in agriculture, rural areas and farmers will be more solid.(The author is executive Dean and professor of Zhejiang Rural Revitalization Research Institute, Zhejiang A&F University)