In 1987, Wang deguan brought a video that Chiang Ching-kuo watched soon after announcing the lifting of Taiwan’s ban

2022-04-24 0 By

Preface On January 13, 1988, Chiang Ching-kuo, leader of Taiwan region, died.After the news of Jiang’s death spread to the mainland, Deng Xiaoping said with emotion: “The reunification of China is a great event in the historical rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. If Jing Was still alive, the reunification of China would not be as difficult and complicated as it is now.Unfortunately, the country died too early.”Chiang Ching-kuo’s death Chiang Ching-kuo’s succession in 1949, the KMT’s defeat was all but certain, and Chiang Kai-shek led the rump forces to retreat to Taiwan.Chiang kai-shek’s original idea was to recuperate in Taiwan and use it as a springboard to attack the mainland.To Chiang Kai-shek’s surprise, the Chinese people were getting better and better under the leadership of the Communist Party, and the land of China glowed with new vitality.As Chiang grew older in the 1960s and 1970s, his greatest fear was that he would lose power after his death.In order to succeed his son, Chiang kai-shek left no stone unturned.Chiang Kai-shek’s Days in Taiwan Chiang Kai-shek had wanted his son to succeed him since the Kuomintang fled to Taiwan, but the matter was delayed due to conflicts between the military and political personnel brought to Taiwan from the mainland and the Taiwanese mainland.The United States, Japan and other countries exerted pressure on Chiang Kai-shek through various channels, hoping to leave the position of governor of Taiwan province to a native, so as to ease the contradictions in the island.Chiang kai-shek, in order to allow his son to take over, has been looking for all kinds of excuses to evade.He is worried that the local people in Taiwan will build up too much prestige in the island, which will pose a great threat to his son’s future succession.In 1971, the octogenarian Chiang Kai-shek felt that the resistance to his son’s succession had been removed and decided to put the succession on the agenda.However, he could not bring up the matter of his son’s succession by himself, or it would arouse criticism from others, so he turned his eyes to the native people of Taiwan.Chiang Kai-shek and Soong Mei-Ling in Taiwan At the end of February 1972, Chiang Kai-shek, Soong Mei-ling and his wife took Chiang Ching-kuo to Sun Moon Lake in southern Taiwan.After resting there for two days, they asked their bodyguards to inform local leaders that they wanted to listen to local work reports.Xie Dongmin, chairman of the Taiwan Provincial Council, and Lin Yanggang, head of Nantou County, rushed to Chiang kai-shek’s residence immediately after receiving the notice.They knew that Chiang kai-shek, ostensibly to receive a report on his work, was really there to test their loyalty to the Chiang family.After the report, Chiang spoke of his son Chiang Ching-kuo.He asked them about their understanding and views on Chiang Ching-kuo in society.Xie Dongmin clear heart, Chiang Kai-shek said to ask their views, in fact, is to pave the way for his son succession.In the face of Chiang kai-shek’s questions, they kept praising Chiang Ching-kuo.After hearing this, Chiang Kai-shek’s face showed a happy expression.He felt that Xie Dongmin was a true loyalist of the Chiang family who could be used by him.In the future, we could also find an opportunity to promote Xie Dongmin to be the governor of Taiwan Province and serve as an assistant to Chiang Ching-kuo’s succession.After some time, Chiang kai-shek himself made the deployment.Under his arrangement, people from all circles of society urged Chiang Ching-kuo to assume the post of premier, and more than 1,000 NPC deputies signed a petition requesting Chiang ching-kuo to assume the post.Xie knew that all this could be arranged by Chiang Kai-shek.For his own future, he recommended Chiang Ching-kuo at high-level meetings for many times, hoping that Chiang ching-kuo would conform to the popular sentiment and assume the post of chief executive.Chiang Kai-shek read Xie Dongmin’s letter of recommendation and was very happy.He then had his underlings read the letter at the Central Committee and passed it on to Yan Jiagan, the party’s no. 2 official.Hsieh dong-min’s Yan Chia-gan was now vice president and premier of Taiwan. After reading the letter, he knew that Chiang kai-shek wanted his son to take over.Although he was unhappy, there was nothing he could do about it.For the sake of the overall situation, he decided to do a favor and voluntarily relinquished his position to Chiang Ching-kuo.In spite of his unbalance, Yan Jia-gan could do nothing but approach Chiang kai-shek and say in a low voice, “President, since Mr. Ching Kuo is more respected, I will resign my posts as vice president and premier and recommend Him to the assembly for the high post.”Chiang put it bluntly: “You have only been vice president for six days. What will the people think if you resign? You can resign as premier.”At an impromptu meeting of the Standing Committee of the KMT Central Committee, the standing Committee bowed to Chiang’s influence and agreed to Yan’s proposal.Thus, the unique political structure of Lao Tzu as president and his son as premier appeared in Taiwan, rarely seen in the history of world politics.After Chiang Ching-kuo was elected as the chief executive, Chiang Kai-shek took two important measures to ensure his son’s smooth succession. First, he published articles related to Chiang Ching-kuo in authoritative newspapers such as The Central Daily to praise Chiang’s achievements.He then published a written campaign within the KMT legislative Yuan praising Yan’s conduct and appeasing the anger of the opposition.Vice President Yan Jiagan gave special attention to Xie Dongmin and Jiang Jingguo.Shortly after Chiang ching-kuo became premier, Xie Dong-min was appointed chairman of Taiwan Province.The President of Taiwan province should be a local person, which is favored by the United States and Japan as a way to ease tensions on the island.Chiang Ching-kuo’s appointment as chief executive was not an issue.In early 1975, Chiang Kai-shek’s health declined sharply, once threatening his life.He knew that his time was running out, but he could not rest assured about the country and the persistence in his heart. He strongly supported his difficult body and wrote down sixteen characters to show his mind. These sixteen characters are: take the rise and fall of the country as the responsibility, regardless of personal life and death and degree.Chiang Kai-shek died on April 5 of the same year, the all-powerful Chiang Kai-shek died.Nothing remained of his life, except a briefcase containing his IDENTITY card, his party membership card and a map of China.You can see that he died thinking of the mainland, of his distant homeland.After The death of Chiang Kai-shek, Chiang Ching-kuo became the supreme leader of Taiwan. He always remembered his father’s education and put the interests of the country and the nation first.When Chiang Ching-kuo took over Taiwan, the situation was extremely unfavorable.In diplomacy, the United States and Europe and other countries have turned to the new China.In this context, Chiang Ching-kuo always adhered to the principle of “one China”.At two o ‘clock in the morning of December 16, 1978, Chiang Ching-guo was suddenly woken up by his men after taking sleeping pills.It turned out that the American representative in Taiwan wanted to talk to Chiang Ching-kuo about an important matter.Chiang Ching-kuo speaking on the stage When Chiang Ching-kuo answered the phone, he understood the real situation.President Carter of the United States was about to announce that China and the United States would establish diplomatic relations on January 1, 1979.Chiang Ching-kuo suddenly woke up and hated the unkindness of the Americans.However, Chiang Ching-kuo could do nothing.The next morning, Chiang Ching-kuo made a formal decision to sever diplomatic relations with the United States at a regular meeting of the Kuomintang Central Committee.On January 1, 1979, China and the United States formally established diplomatic relations, and the United States recognized the legitimate status of New China in the international community. The exchanges between the two countries became deeper and deeper.Chiang Ching-kuo was angry in his heart, but there was nothing he could do. After all, Taiwan was just a pawn of the United States and would be shelved in place when it was not needed.On the day of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States, Defense Minister Xu Xiangqian stopped the shelling of Kinmen.Liao Chengzhi, director of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council, published a message to Taiwan Compatriots, hoping to cooperate with the Kuomintang for the third time.At the same time, he volunteered to go to Taiwan to have an interview with Chiang Ching-kuo.”Message to Taiwan Compatriots” published in People’s Daily at this time, Chiang Ching-kuo was angry and directly rejected the mainland’s offer of a third kuomintn-Communist cooperation.But anger was anger, but Chiang ching-kuo knew in his heart that exchanges between people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait would be extremely beneficial to Taiwan’s economic development.The attitude of Chiang Ching-kuo was in a delicate state. While he adhered to the principle of “one China”, he kept a certain defensive mentality towards the mainland.In order for Chiang ching-kuo to promote understanding of the mainland, Deng decided to use Lee Kuan Yew, the prime minister of Singapore, as an intermediary to convey China’s wishes to Chiang ching-kuo.During Lee kuan Yew’s visit to China, Deng Xiaoping repeatedly asked him to bring messages to Chiang Ching-kuo, hoping for cross-strait dialogue.Since then, whenever Lee Kuan Yew came to Taiwan, he would have a chat with Chiang Ching-kuo, and the theme of the conversation was about the reunification of China.On September 26, 1984, China and Britain reached an agreement that China would recover the sovereignty of Hong Kong as scheduled.At the same time, Chiang Ching-kuo declared that Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and other regions would be under the principle of one country, two systems. When he heard the news, he was shocked.Chiang Ching-kuo wanted to negotiate with the mainland, but there was still serious hostility to the mainland among the older generation of party members.After much thought, Chiang Ching-kuo did not make a decision.Shortly after the negotiations between China and Britain on the Issue of Hong Kong, the American government began to interfere in Taiwan’s internal affairs for its hegemony in Asia, and Chiang Ching-kuo was faced with a new crisis.Seeing the remarkable changes in all aspects of the mainland since the reform and opening up, he decided to speed up the pace of cross-Straits peace talks.To this end, Chiang Ching-kuo held several secret meetings within the Kuomintang and expounded in detail his specific ideas and principles for peace talks with the mainland.In March 1986, the Kuomintang held the third Plenary Session of the 12th Central Committee. Chiang Ching-kuo mentioned the issue of peaceful reunification of the Two sides of the Taiwan Straits at the meeting. He solemnly stressed the principle of “there is only one China, and China must be unified”.Everyone understood that this was a forerunner for dialogue and reunification between the two sides.At the same time, Deng Xiaoping repeatedly mentioned in interviews the need to unify The principles of China by peaceful means.Deng xiaoping said in a speech, “As long as Taiwan is not reunified with the mainland, there is no guarantee that Taiwan will be part of China’s territory, otherwise it will be taken over again one day.”These words cut to the heart of Chiang Ching-kuo.Chiang Ching-kuo was determined to promote peace talks between the two sides during his lifetime so that peaceful reunification could be achieved.Chiang Ching-kuo: The Communist party’s love led Chiang ching-kuo into his later years, further expanding cross-strait exchanges, the most crucial of which was allowing residents of the island to visit relatives on the mainland.At the beginning of 1987, Chiang Ching-kuo was seriously ill. His daughter-in-law Wang Chang-shi, who was in Geneva, heard the news and returned to Taiwan with her father Wang Deguan to visit Chiang ching-kuo.When Jiang Jingguo inspected the production and construction of the father and daughter in Hong Kong, Wang Deguan’s old friend huang Wenfang, then head of Taiwan Affairs department of Xinhua News Agency Hong Kong Branch, came to the hotel for a visit.Two people talk, Huang Wenfang gave a tape to Wang Deguan and his daughter, and asked them to personally give Jiang Jingguo.Jiang Jingguo was very happy to see Wang Deguan and his daughter.During the conversation, Wang deguan handed the video tape to Chiang Ching-kuo and said, “My friend over there asked me to give it to you.”Chiang Ching-kuo knew that his in-laws were on good terms with both the Kuomintang and the Communist party, and he understood what Wang Deguan meant.Chiang ching-kuo waved everyone around him to back away, leaving Wang deguan and his daughter to watch the tape together in their bedroom.At the beginning of the video, a scene about Chiang Ching-kuo’s xikou hometown appeared. The scene showed Chiang’s old house, the place where Chiang was born, studied and grew up, as well as Chiang’s ancestral hall, which moved Chiang Ching-kuo deeply.Following Chiang’s former residence, Chiang ching-kuo also saw the small houses where he once lived, which were not only undamaged, but also renovated.Even the tomb of Chiang kai-shek’s mother on Bai Yan Mountain, three miles away from Chiang kai-shek’s house, is still there, with the inscription “Chiang’s Mother’s tomb” written by Sun Yat-sen himself.Looking at, the screen shows the tomb of Chiang Kai-shek’s original wife, Chiang’s mother MAO Fumei, from the screen can see here has also been renovated, there are dai Ji Tao wrote “Chiang mother MAO Taimadame’s tomb”, very prominent.Wang Deguan turned his eyes to Chiang Ching-kuo, who was staring at the screen without moving.Tears welled up in Chiang ching-kuo’s eyes as footage of local officials and people paying homage to the Chiang family shrine appeared on the screen.Seeing all this, Jiang Jingguo was greatly shocked. He did not expect that the leaders of the Communist Party of China would be so generous as to repair their ancestral graves and bring local people to worship after the Kuomintang had left the mainland nearly 40 years ago.After watching the tape, Chiang ching-kuo burst into tears and said, “I am grateful for the communist Party’s love.”Shortly after the incident, Chiang Ching-kuo made a decision to open up and lift the embargo on the two sides of the Taiwan Straits, allowing members of the Party, government and military from Taiwan to travel and visit relatives on the mainland.Since then, cross-strait relations have thawed.In the months following the opening, countless compatriots came to the mainland to visit relatives or inspect business opportunities.Subsequently, various Taiwan-funded enterprises sprang up in the mainland, and the reunification and revitalization of the Chinese nation became an irresistible historical trend.At the same time, Chiang ching-kuo also proposed a way to achieve reunification through competition between political parties.His idea is to gradually reduce the island’s prejudice against China, and then open Taiwan to reunification with China.Things were gradually moving in a better direction, but a new twist occurred.On the morning of January 13, 1988, Chiang Ching-kuo felt uncomfortable. After examination, the doctor could not find the cause. For the sake of Chiang ching-kuo’s health, the doctor injected him with intravenous drip.Chiang Ching-kuo at work At 1:50 p.m., Chiang Ching-kuo was taking a nap when he suffered a gastrointestinal hemorrhage and went into shock.Jiang ching-guo had passed away before doctors could rescue him in time.As the last “dictator” of Taiwan island, Chiang Ching-kuo had a strong control in the Kuomintang, and his ability was recognized by many elders in the Party. Therefore, many policies he proposed in the process of promoting cross-strait development could be carried out unimpeded without much resistance.After Chiang Ching-kuo’s death, the political reform he advocated did not end.Although some leaders in Taiwan have the desire to reunify, their decrees are blocked and cannot get the support of opposition parties, which makes the reunification of the two sides more difficult.With the death of Chiang Ching-kuo, changes have taken place in Taiwan, and the reunification of the two sides of the Taiwan Strait has become a distant prospect.But no matter what happens, the blood ties between people on both sides of the Taiwan Straits will be cut.The principle of one China will always be imprinted in the hearts of every Chinese son and daughter, and China will be unified.