Is the end of the trail orthopaedics?Do not learn to protect, the end of a lot of sports are orthopedics
Extreme news reporter Chen Lingyan correspondent Baylan widely spread online bone injury post winter Olympics is coming to an end, and this winter’s ice and snow sports heat, also took a hot meme: the end of the ski is orthopedics.Since snow began everywhere, the number of skiing fractures has increased significantly.During the Winter Olympics, bone injuries posted by orthopedic surgeons around the country have been hot from time to time.Due to the increasing number of patients, wuhan No. 4 Hospital (Wuhan Orthopaedic Hospital) even opened a special “ice and snow sports injury clinic” from Feb 11.Beautiful snow, how can so easily let a person hurt?In this regard, sports and medical experts say that it is necessary to learn reasonable protection and do what one can, otherwise many sports will end up in orthopedics.Ice and snow sports, is a comprehensive test of the body statistics found that ice and snow sports injured, 21-30 years old injured patients accounted for the largest proportion, and male more than female.This has to do with younger participants and men being more thrill-seeking.In fact, the seemingly carefree ice and snow sports are famous for their high speed and great impact force.Wang Xianxun, director of the Department of Orthopaedic Trauma of the Third People’s Hospital of Hubei Province (Zhongshan Hospital), introduced that ice sports are not only fast, but also consume more on the human body because of the low ambient temperature, which is more prone to collisions and higher risk of injury.Sliding on the ice and snow, the strength of the human body, endurance, flexibility, balance and other physical elements is a comprehensive test, especially for beginners, is not so easy to master, so a lot of injuries occur in beginners.In addition, the surface of ice and snow is very hard, and the risk of injury is higher if the body falls or collides at a certain speed.However, when people fall down, they will subconsciously adjust their posture or use their hands to support themselves out of self-protection. Therefore, most bone injuries in ice and snow sports are sprains of joints such as knee joint, ankle joint and upper limb joint, as well as bone dislocation and fracture.On a snowy day, even in the city, there will be a lot of people walking because of falling and fracture.Thus, the power of ice and snow is very great.”If there is an injury, the first thing is not to panic, the first thing is to call for help immediately.”Wang Xianxun pointed out that the injury pain parts do not move, waiting for rescue, to pay attention to the distal limb warm, at the same time pay attention to the surrounding environment, to avoid secondary injury.How to prevent winter sports injuries?Wang xianxun said that first of all, citizens should choose professional protective equipment and sports venues, especially those who have been injured in a certain part, should wear targeted protective equipment.It’s important to warm up well before exercising, especially for ice and snow sports, to increase the elasticity of muscles and ligaments, improve control and trunk stability, and reduce the risk of injury.In addition, usually to strengthen the core strength exercise, “the core generally refers to the waist, hip, abdomen and lower back, including the muscle group, its main function is to control the position and movement of the trunk, is the central link of the human dynamic chain.”Many of the injured are still not conscious enough. In fact, as long as we exercise with a scientific attitude, quite a number of injuries can be avoided.”Andy, an outdoor expert, told Extreme News that many people regard ice sports as simple play and ignore the speed, impact force and their own abilities. “For example, when you warm up, people often want to snow immediately after a few hops, which increases the risk of injury.”He also said that beginners should wear special protective equipment for beginners, be patient when learning, practice more to find the feeling, “especially not three or five times think they can, and then directly on the difficulty.”The ski resort is divided into different areas according to the level of skiers, he said. “Just like a swimming pool is divided into shallow water and deep water, different areas of the ski resort correspond to different skiing abilities.Many beginners are eager to upgrade and challenge themselves, but only a slightly steeper slope, the speed will be much faster, the skier’s control and experience will be much higher requirements.”Andy: Do what you can. Don’t be too quick.”There is also very important, is ice and snow sports clothing, equipment, protective products to choose regular manufacturers of products.Some people buy expensive skis, but the idea of a helmet is a no-go.You know, protective equipment can save lives at a critical time.”Mr. Lee, the leader of outdoor sports, also said that attention to protection, acting according to his ability is the former topic of safe sports, “the more senior players, often pay more attention to the protection of the complete, when the movement will not be reckless, casually to challenge what to risk.”He added that many sports can lead to orthopedic problems if you don’t learn proper protection.Skateboarding, cycling…You could break a bone if you’re not protected.Tips For general sprains or strains, within 24 to 48 hours of the injury, follow POLICE guidelines: Step 1: Protect.Protect the injured area and avoid secondary damage.Transfer the patient out of the track as soon as possible, do not let the affected area appear similar to the injury, and carry out early necessary treatment of the wound, for neck and waist, joint injury should be protected and fixed as soon as possible.Optimal Loading is the second step.After muscle and ligament injury, local rest is the key.During the period of protective braking, gradual appropriate activities are conducive to the recovery of limb function, and can effectively reduce pain and bleeding.The third step is Ice.Applying ice to early injuries can reduce bleeding and relieve pain.Each ice application should be limited to 15-20 minutes and the interval should be 1-2 hours to avoid frostbite caused by prolonged ice application.The fourth step is Compression.Generally implemented within 24-48 hours after the injury, compression bandage is often used to wrap the wound. Compression should be wrapped layer by layer from the distal end to the proximal end, which can limit the swelling of the affected area. Remember not to be too tight, and compression can be carried out simultaneously with ice.The fifth step is to elevate.Try to keep the injured area above the level of your heart for 72 hours after the injury. This will help blood and tissue flow back with gravity, reducing swelling and relieving pain.More exciting information please download “extreme news” client in the application market, do not reprint without authorization, welcome to provide news clues, once adopted will pay.24-hour information hotline 027-86777777.