Guyuan County, zhangjiakou city of Anti-Japanese War

2022-05-18 0 By

Guyuan County is located in the bashang area in the northwest of Hebei Province and in the southeast of the Inner Mongolia Plateau.The county covers an area of 3,654 square kilometers and has jurisdiction over 4 towns, 10 townships and 1 sub-district office with a population of 224,000.Guyuan County is a national poverty county.Located in the transition zone between the North China Plain and the Inner Mongolia Plateau, the terrain is diverse, the yinshan mountain veins across the east and west, the east and south along the ba tou area of hills, high altitude, the surrounding diameter valley flat, the middle, north and west gradually low flat terrain.The vast grassland in the territory covers an area of more than 900 square kilometers, accounting for a quarter of the total area of the county. Among them, the wetland grassland reaches 600,000 mu, which is the most beautiful primitive grassland away from Beijing recently.In addition, there are more than 60 thousand acres of vast primeval sub-forest.It is rich in water resources, with 15 rivers of different sizes, 5 reservoirs, 12 natural fresh water bores, and an above-ground water area of 61,000 mu, ranking second in Zhangjiakou city.The Baihe, Heihe and Luan rivers, which originate in Guyuan, are important water sources for Beijing and Tianjin respectively.There are many kinds of mineral resources and large reserves. Up to now, 20 kinds of metal, non-metal, energy and hydrogas minerals have been discovered, among which there are large molybdenum ore with 110,000 tons of reserves, zeolite with the largest reserves in Asia and quartz with a grade of more than 80%.Guyuan history for the Northern Wei Yuyi town, but also liao, Jin, Yuan three generations of emperors summer shrine, the Yuan dynasty noble ancient tombs, Jin Jingming Palace, The Yuan Dynasty Chahan Naer travel palace, Jiuliancheng ruins and a large number of national, provincial and municipal historical and cultural monuments of long standing.The people of Guyuan have a glorious revolutionary tradition.In the war of Resistance against Japan and the war of liberation, Gu yuan children, especially the people of the old base area, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, based on the mountainous area around the dam, launched an indomitable struggle with the enemy, and made important contributions to the prosperity of the Chinese nation and the cause of people’s liberation.Guyuan County dingzhuang bay, Hazi ditch, three tree tree, Tongxing, Red mud beach, Tangli ditch, Lao Zhang ditch, Pandaogou a total of 8 villages were delineated as the Anti-japanese revolutionary base area (also known as the old revolutionary area), after erdaogou, pingtou Liang two villages were added as the Anti-japanese revolutionary base area.These 10 administrative villages belong to the old revolutionary base areas, are located in the southern Guyuan County of the dam edge mountainous area, the south and Chicheng, Chongli connected, ravines and treacherous terrain, is the Inner Mongolia plateau to the North China plain transition of a natural barrier, has always been a battle field.War of Resistance against Japan, here is a puppet Manchu state fengning county jurisdiction.Japanese invaders have forced people in this area to grow tobacco, open casinos, enslaved people, local people suffering.In June 1933, famous anti-japanese general Ji Hongchang, Li Zhongyi led the Anti-japanese people allied forces to recover Guyuan, had been stationed in changliang, small factory, xiaohezi area.Ji Hongchang had in Qiaojidian village (now small factory township Tangli ditch one of the natural village) opera house (destroyed during the Cultural Revolution) on the wall of the inscription “rather fight dead ghost, not subjugate slave” slogan, expressed the determination to fight to the end with the Japanese army.In August the same year, general ji hongchang, Fang Zhenwu successively in zhangjiakou, near laojun hall and sell source jstars military meeting, decided to the anti-japanese allied to denounce Chiang, the plan through the monolithic, advance the jehol, luanhe river east to find the Japanese main operations, to make up lost ground, general ji hongchang general and on the wall of the shop village jstars guandi temple, wrote “anti-japanese difficult to meet the sea water,Save the nation will pass the doshi pass “heroic oath.In April 1939, the headquarters of the Eighth Route Army decided on the military policy of “establishing guerrilla base areas in the mountainous areas of the border regions of Ji, Re and Cha provinces, and then developing in the three directions of East Hebei, South Renan and Guyuan”.According to this policy, the Communist Party of China established party organizations and revolutionary armed forces in Guyuan area, and launched the people of the county to reduce rent and interest and armed struggle.1941 Long (pass) Chong (li) Chi (city) united County anti-japanese democratic government was established, the county party committee organs resident near guyuan County Dingzhuang bay along the dam area.In May 1945, Longchongchi United County set up Chi (city)(Gu) yuan County, after the establishment of the nine district committee, district government agencies resident in Dingzhuangwan village and the vicinity.District party committee and district government in accordance with the instructions of the county party committee, soon formed district guerrillas.On May 6 of the same year, the guerrillas of The ninth District of Chiyuan, which had just been formed, together with the main force, severely attacked more than 100 cavalry of the Akicheng defending and expedition team. After three hours of fierce fighting, all of them were killed except for two enemies who escaped, and captured a large number of weapons, ammunition and horses.After the war, the ninth District partisans were rewarded for bravery.The district committee and government of the nine districts shall lead and organize the local people to carry out armed struggle, destroy the pseudo-regime institutions, establish a new regime, train and develop party members and expand party organizations;On the other hand, the campaign to cut rent and interest rates and resume production was carried out.During the period, shi Yingchun, the propaganda member of the district committee, cultivated and developed the poor farmers of Hazizigou village, Zhang Zhankui and other three members of the Communist Party of China, and these three people are also the earliest members of the Communist Party in Guyuan County.Soon qin Jihua, director of the district women’s Federation, and other two people introduced Wei Youcai, one of the natural villages in Dingzhuang Bay, and other four people joined the CPC.On July 7, 1945, guyuan County’s first rural party branch was established in The Kiln village of Cylinder House.Then hazizigou, Dingzhuang Bay, Tongxing, Sankeshu and other 12 villages established party branches, the new development of 100 party members, to meet the victory of the Anti-Japanese War laid a solid organizational foundation.In 1946, the Kuomintang provoked an all-out civil war and attacked the liberated areas on a large scale.October Baoyuan County (In the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, Guyuan was once divided into two counties, Guyuan Lianhuatan, Part of xixinying belongs to Chiyuan County, the rest of baoyuan County.)Party and government organs were ordered to withdraw from the city, move to the old area and launch guerrilla warfare.In the same year, each district of Baoyuan County has established the armed forces, fighting in the countryside behind enemy lines.Among them, four areas, nine areas due to the work of the armed team outstanding, has been investigated by the north local committee and the district of the general order award, known as the “model of local armed”, the story published in the “Ji Heat inspection guide newspaper”, and was the northern Shaanxi base to Xinhua News Agency taiqi news in the name of the report.In February 1947, in order to meet the needs of the war situation, the Local committee decided to form Zhangbei and Baoyuan County into Zhangbao United County.In July of the same year, Baoyuan county was restored, and the headquarters of the county party committee and the county government were successively located in Lianhuatan, Dingzhuang Bay and Chuangfang Yaozi. It was not until December 28, 1948, when the whole baoyuan area was liberated, that the headquarters of the county Party committee and the county government was moved back to Baochang Town.From January 8 to April 10, 1948, the old Guyuan district and the surrounding areas in the region took the lead in organizing the land reform movement in the whole county, and completed the land reform of 53 villages in total.Through land reform, 83 administrative villages were expanded, covering two-fifths of the total area of the county, and there were liberated areas with a population of 7,145.In order to defend the fruits of the land reform, 750 people joined the PEOPLE’s Liberation Army in the county, more than 2700 people took part in the stretcher team to support the Battle of Pingjin and Zhangzhang, and directly participated in the battle of liberation xinbao, successfully completed the task, was praised by the Logistics department of the Fourth column in the Shanxi, Cha-Ji border region.Saibei Forest Farm national key cultural relic protection unit – dressing building