The Battle of Dafichuan: Why did Tang fail in this battle?

2022-05-24 0 By

The Battle of Dafichuan took place from April to August in 670, the third year of the General chapter of the Tang Dynasty. During the war between Tang and Tubo, tang and Tubo fought an important battle in Dafichuan for the four towns of Qiuci, Shule, Khotan and Yanqi.In this war, The Tubo avoided confrontation with the elite Troops of the Tang Dynasty. Instead, after cutting off the provisions of the Tang Army, the Tubo concentrated its superior forces and won the war.The Tang army went on a long journey, but the supply was insufficient, especially the discord among the generals, which ultimately led to defeat.The geographical location of the Great Feichuan Battle is in the qiji plain southwest of today’s Qinghai County, there is another saying that the location of the Great Feichuan battle is in the buha River west of today’s Qinghai Lake.It is about 4000 meters above sea level.Located in the south of Qinghai Lake, east to Qi Shijun, west to Fuluochuan, from which to the west to Khotan, northeast to Chiling, northwest to Fufucheng, south to Wuhai, hekou, is indeed the key of Qinghai.Xue Rengui and others of the Tang Dynasty were defeated here by the Tubo.The battle was called the Great Feichuan Battle, but in fact wuhai was the winner.Wuhai has been the main road of transportation on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau since ancient times, and Princess Wencheng entered Tibet through here.Xue Rengui had gained an advantage in the battle, but Guo Daifeng’s unauthorized action turned the Tang army from victory to defeat.In fact, Guo Daifeng’s unauthorized action is also an important reason for the failure of the Tang Army.The Battle of Dafichuan was the biggest failure in foreign wars since the founding of the Tang Dynasty, and tuguhun became a rival in the west with this battle, and tuguhun also became another part of the Tubo.Although the Tubo won the final victory in this war, their losses were not small.The Dafichuan War took place in the third year of the General Chapter of the Tang Dynasty, from April to August in the first year of Xianheng, and lasted for four months. This war was an important battle in Dafichuan between the Tang dynasty and the Tubo for the four towns of Qiuci, Shule, Khotan and Yanqi.The main commanders in this battle were Xue Rengui, Guo Daifeng and Lun Qinling.So what was the result of the Great Fekawa War?In the Battle of Dafichuan, the Tibetan troops avoided direct confrontation with the elite troops of the Tang Army. Instead, they cut off their food supply and then concentrated their superior forces to win the final victory.But the Tang army went on a long journey, and the troops were not enough, the supply was insufficient, especially in the army general discord, the deputy General Guo Daifeng arbitrarily disobeyed the military order, determined to go his own way, eventually the battle was lost.At last, The Tubo conquered the western part of Qinghai.In this battle, the Tang army had 50,000 troops, while the Tubo army had 400,000.But originally in this battle, The Tang dynasty could have won, and Guo Daifeng’s unauthorized action is an important reason for the defeat of the Tang Dynasty, resulting in the Tibetan army to reverse defeat into victory.On the other hand, the reason why Datang failed was due to the geographical factors, because Xue Rengui’s “light and sharp and double road” plan, so that the Troops of Datang did not have time to adapt to the plateau environment, so they consumed a lot of physical strength, and finally caused serious consequences.The Battle of Dafichuan was the biggest defeat in foreign wars since the founding of the Tang Dynasty, and tuguhun became a rival of The Tang Dynasty in the west with this battle. Tuguhun also became another part of the Tubo.However, although the Tubo finally won the battle of Dafichuan, the Tubo lost a lot in this battle.Analysis of the Battle of Dafichuan The Battle of Dafichuan was a battle between The Tang Dynasty and the Tubo kingdom. From April to August of the third year of the General Chapter of the Tang Dynasty, an important battle took place in Dafichuan between the Tang Dynasty and the Tubo kingdom for the four towns of Qiuci, Shule, Khotan and Yanqi.This battle ended with Tubo winning and occupying the western part of Qinghai.So why did Tang fail in this battle?Now let’s analyze the situation of the Battle of Dafichuan.Xue Rengui had gained the first opportunity in the war, but Guo Daifeng’s unauthorized action finally turned the Tang army from victory to defeat, so it is said that Guo Daifeng’s unauthorized action is one of the important reasons for the failure of the Tang army.Now let’s analyze other reasons for the tang army’s defeat in the Battle of Dafichuan.First of all, the geographical factors made the soldiers suffer from altitude sickness, which weakened the combat effectiveness of the exhausted Tang army.The starting point of Tang Jun is Shanzhou, where the altitude is about 2300 meters, so altitude sickness will not occur. Altitude sickness gradually appears when the altitude is above 4000 meters.And Xue Rengui command is “light sharp double road”, so the lack of the necessary time to adapt to the plateau environment, and physical consumption is great, so the consequences are more serious.The second is the strategic intention, encircling Wei and zhao, his purpose is to occupy Luosu.Tang army “luo Suo as the name of the beginning of the battle, perhaps after victory to attack huanglong meaning”.Before the war, tang army was ambitious and bold.In order to fight this war, The Tang Court made great efforts, Xue Rengui made the method of “besiege Wei and save Zhao”, at the same time, the troops deployed in the Western regions also played a check role, the strategic deployment can be said to be brilliant.And then there’s people and people.In war, harmony is extremely important, and is a necessary condition for victory.In the new Book of Tang, it is said in the 36: “Rengui withdrew his army to Dafichuan, and the Tubo army came to fight with 400,000 troops. The king’s division was defeated.”.Well today’s article is over here, like history and real estate knowledge friends, you can pay attention to small armour, will update the article every day oh ^_^